Medical Coding and Billing: Then, Now, and in the Future

Coding and BillingNo Comments

coworkers at computerModern technology has made it easier and faster than ever to manage medical records and claims, and many professionals wonder what other changes might be coming for the occupation as a whole. Here we take a brief look at the past and present of medical coding and billing as well as what the future might hold.

Then
Back in the 1980s, medical coding and billing was done through handwritten documents or typed on typewriters. With the advent of computers, people began transcribing documents to floppy disks and print-outs. Claim processing was a tedious, time-consuming task that wasn’t specifically assigned to trained professionals.

Now
Over the years, more and more information has been digitized so that healthcare employees can access data and process claims whenever needed. Technology has made coding much more efficient and accurate, but it has also reinforced the need for a trained professional to do the job. Today, interested individuals can enroll in institutes all over the country to receive specialized training and certification. There are even 100% online training programs, such as Career Step’s Professional Medical Coding and Billing course—one of the only AHIMA-approved online certificate programs available to students.

Medical coder salaries are also now on the rise. The 2014 Salary Survey recently released by the American Association of Professional Coders (AAPC), reports that salaries of certified medical coding professionals increased an average of 8.4% in 2014. The average salary of certified coders is $50,775 a year, and those with advanced certifications and higher levels of education earn even more. 

The Future
It is very likely that the medical coding and billing profession will continue to see tremendous change and growth in the coming years. The biggest anticipated shift will be the switch from the ICD-9 to the ICD-10 coding system, which is set for October 1, 2015. Employment opportunities are expected to grow by 15% between 2014 and 2024, a rate much faster than average for other occupations. Career Step’s employer partners are even reporting that they’re seeing a shortage of qualified medical coding professionals—with the transition to ICD-10 this shortage is expected to reach as high as 53% nationwide!

While no one can predict what the future holds, medical coding and billing as a profession isn’t going anywhere. There will always be a need for qualified, well-trained professionals with an in-depth understanding of their profession, and these men and women are likely to continue being sought after by employers. Now is your chance to make your mark and start earning a good living as a medical biller and coder!


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  1. Cindy Campbell January 14, 2016

    I have worked for almost 19 years in the medical field as a lab tech. 
    I am now enrolled to take classes in the medical coding field.  The Physician I am currently working for, is telling me I am making a huge mistake.  He is saying that doctors will soon be doing the coding through recordings on the Dragon computer based program and that much of the medical coding will be outsourced.  Is this true.  Am I making a bad decision?

  2. Coding Support January 15, 2016

    Many healthcare providers currently use voice recorders to transcribe their records, and transcriptions may edit them as appropriate.
    There are software programs that perform a similar function for coding, however coders are still needed to make revisions, add modifiers, check for compliance, ext.  If your particular physician is outsourcing, it may be a good idea to get on board with the company that will be doing his coding, or find an alternative employer.

  3. April Zarks July 20, 2016

    I soon will be going back to school to continue medical billing and coding, I have the books for 2015, Will the medical billing and coding be revised for 2016?

  4. Hello April,

    Yes, we have revised our Medical Coding course to match the changes made for the 2016 year. The code books go through revisions every year.

    Good luck with your studies.

  5. abhi September 02, 2016

    I am doing job in India as a medical coder, but have to shift my job to US what I will do?

  6. coding support September 08, 2016

    Hi Abhi,
    Thank you for your question! You may want to check with your employer for options, or seek another position when you move. Best of luck!


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