Anabolic Steroid Control Act of 1990

Pharmacy TechnicianNo Comments

As pharmacy technicians, you should know that the Anabolic Steroids Control Act of 1990 was passed into law on November 29, 1990, when President Bush signed the Omnibus Crime Control Bill. The law applies in every federal court across the country. The law makes steroids a Schedule III drug, placing them in the same legal class as amphetamines, methamphetamines, opiates, and morphine.

Congress used this act to address the issue that illegal drug trafficking in anabolic steroids and human growth hormone was becoming larger in scope and presenting an ever-increasing health risk to young athletes. This amendment criminalizes anabolic steroid and human growth hormone trafficking.

Anabolic steroids are a synthetic version of the human hormone testosterone. Though with vigorous training there may be some short-term benefits, these drugs have a long list of serious adverse side effects and can cause permanent damage to the body. Many of these drugs are illegally manufactured, imported, and sold on the black market in the United States. The potency, purity, and strength are not regulated, and therefore it is almost impossible for users to know how much they are taking.

The Anabolic Steroid Control Act of 1990 allows the FDA to enforce the law for legal drugs as well as illegal imports. Because anabolic steroids are classified as Schedule III drugs, prescriptions for anabolic steroids like Androgel, Androderm, and Testim can be refilled a maximum of five times or for up to 6 months from the date written, whichever comes first, similar to prescriptions for many potent narcotic analgesics and sleep medications.


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  1. Renee Taylor September 04, 2015

    I found this article to be very informative and useful for my upcoming paper due in my POlS 361 class.  My topic is Anabolic Steroids and I’m using the Anabolic Steroids Control Act of 1990.  Your information helps me summarize my intent to my professor.




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